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T-12 Medium Tank
T-24 Medium Tank
BT-2 Light Wheeled-and-tracked Tank
BT-5 Light Wheeled-and-tracked Tank
BT-7 Light Wheeled-and-tracked Tank
BT-7M (A-8) Light Wheeled-and-tracked Tank
T-35 Heavy Tank
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T-34 (A-34) Medium Tank
T-34M Medium Tank
T-44 Tank Project
T-34-85 Medium Tank
T-43 Medium Tank
T-44 Medium Tank
Product 416 Tank Prototype
T-54 Medium Tank
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OT-54, TO-55 and Obiekt 483Flame Thrower Tanks
Product 430 Medium Tank Prototype
T-64 Main Battle Tank
T-64A Main Battle Tank
T-64B Main Battle Tank
T-64BV Main Battle Tank
Obiekt 476 Tank Prototype
T-80UD Main Battle Tank
T-84 Main Battle Tank
T-72 Battle Tank Upgrade
 
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CONTACT


Oplot Main Battle Tank

The Oplot main battle tank is the result of continued main battle tank development by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau, which is Ukraine's leading design authority for armoured fighting vehicles.

     The overall layout of the Oplot main battle tank is conventional with the drivers compartment at the front, fighting compartment in the centre and power pack at the rear. The driver is seated in the centre and has a single-piece hatch cover that lifts and swings to the right. In front of this are three forward-facing periscopes, the centre one of which can be replaced by a night driving device. There is an escape hatch in the hull floor behind the driver. The commander is seated on the right and the gunner on the left both provided with single-piece roof hatches.

     The Oplot main battle tank is based on a T-80UD, but has a number of advanced features which distinguish it from the T-80UD. These include the following:

  • new all-welded turret;
  • explosive reactive armour of new generation to give more protection against both chemical energy and kinetic energy attack over the frontal arc;
  • thermal imaging sight;
  • 1,200 hp engine rather than a 1,000 hp engine the T-80UD is powered by;
  • digitisation of the electronics packages associated with the fire-control system;
  • optronic countermeasures system;
  • auxiliary power unit;
  • muzzle reference system;
  • navigation system;
  • enlarged side skirts to give additional protection of the hull sides and running gear components against attacks by infantry armed with short range anti-tank missiles.

Oplot main battle tank

 

Oplot main battle tank

 

Oplot main battle tank

 

Oplot main battle tank

 

Oplot main battle tank

 

Oplot main battle tank

The latest version of the Oplot main battle tank offered for the export market also features an automated gear shifting rather than a mechanical gear selector, new driver's steering controls (the driver now steers the vehicle with a steering T-bar rather than tillers, thus reducing the load on the driver), an air conditioning system, projectile muzzle velocity sensor, and other improvements.

The Oplot main battle tank uses locally produced components and subsystems, although systems of foreign origin can be incorporated at the customer's request.

The Oplot main battle tank is a very efficient fighting machine intended to fulfil the mission of providing mobile protected firepower in all types of terrain. The Oplot is very well protected, has good battlefield mobility as well as good strategic mobility, and is able to undertake a wide range of battlefield missions on a 24 hour basis under all weather conditions.

Steering T-bar at the T-84 MBT driver's station

Steering T-bar at the T-84 MBT driver's station

Steering T-bar at the Oplot MBT driver's station

Status

The Oplot main battle tank is now in service with Ukraine (in 2000 the Ukrainian Defence Ministry ordered 10 new Oplot series main battle tanks).

T-84 MBTs during a parade in Kiev
Oplot MBTs during a parade in Kiev (August 2001) 

Oplot Main Battle Tank Specifications

Parameter Measurement unit Value
Dimensions
- length (gun forward) m 9.664
- length (hull) m 7.705
- width (over tracks) m 3.595
- width (with skirts) m 3.775
- height (turret roof) m 2.215
- height (including roof-mounted 12.7mm MG) m 2.76
Ground clearance m 0.515
Track width m 0.58
Track m 2.8
Length of track on ground m 4.29
General characteristics
Crew persons 3
Combat weight t 48
Power-to-weight ratio hp/t 26
Ground pressure kg/cm2 0.93
Max road speed km/h 65-70 
Average cross-country speed km/h 45-50
Fuel capacity l 1,200
Operating temperature range °C -40 to +55
Cruising range:
- road km 450
- cross-country km 350
Obstacles
Fording
- without preparation m 1.8
- with preparation m 5
Gradient % 63
Side slope % 36
Vertical obstacle m 1
Trench m 2.85
Engine Model 6TD-2 two-stroke, multi-fuel, liquid-cooled 6-cylinder diesel engine, fuel injected, developing 1,200 hp at 2,600 rpm
Power output hp 1,200
at crankshaft rotation speed rpm 2,600
Transmission mechanical, epicycle train with 7 forward and 5 reverse gears
Suspension  torsion bar
Armament
- main 125mm smoothbore KBA-3 gun
- coaxial 7.62mm KT-7.62 machine gun
- anti-aircraft 12.7mm KT-12.7 machine gun
Ammunition
- for main armament rds 40 (28 in autoloader)
- for coaxial machine gun rds 1,250
- for anti-aircraft machine gun rds 450
T-84 main battle tank
T-84 T-84
Three-view general arrangement drawing of the Oplot MBT

Additional historical data

KMDB
126 Plekhanivska St.
Kharkiv 61001
UKRAINE
Tel.: +380 (577) 57 41 44
Fax: +380 (577) 57 41 01, +380 (577) 57 41 68
www.morozov.com.ua
marketing@morozov.com.ua

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